New Publication: Ivory 2020 Art and Heritage Law

Ivory Law in the US, UK and EU by Olivia Franklin

The latest in a series of publications on art and the law, the Art and Heritage Law Report: Ivory 2020 is written by Olivia Franklin, edited by Kate Fitz Gibbon, and published by the Committee for Cultural Policy. This in-depth report is designed to facilitate the work of lawyers and law students, environmentalists and preservationists, art collectors, art dealers, collecting museums and the interested public.

Poaching of African elephants for raw ivory, amounting to nearly 100 each day, has lead a number of legislatures to tighten restrictions on the sale of elephant ivory in recent years. Despite arguments by the art trade that antique and ancient works of art should be exempted, and the trade in modern and raw ivory prohibited in order to protect elephant populations, many laws now ban trade in ivory altogether.

The report summarizes and analyzes current and pending US, UK and EU Laws and regulations on trade in elephant ivory from Africa and Asia. The report provides an overview on the international framework and the restrictions on commercial use of ivory, from ancient to antique and modern, in order to provide guidance on what can and cannot be imported, exported, sold, donated or inherited.

This and all other Art and Heritage Law Reports may be downloaded for free. The report is issued under a CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 International Public License, which should be read in its entirety. In summary, you are free to share, copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format under the following terms:

  • Attribution: You must give appropriate credit to author, editor and publisher, and provide a link to the license. You may do so in any reasonable manner, but not in any way that suggests the licensor endorses you or your use.
  • Non Commercial: You may not use the material for commercial purposes.
  • No Derivatives: If you remix, transform, or build upon the material, you may not distribute the modified material.



Art and Heritage Law Reports are published by the Committee for Cultural Policy, Inc. In addition to the Art and Heritage Law Reports and the Global Art and Heritage Law Series, CCP publishes in-depth legal and policy analysis and the online journal, Cultural Property News.

Disclaimer: Neither Olivia Franklin, series editor Kate Fitz Gibbon, the Committee for Cultural Policy nor any other contributor to this Report is holding itself, himself or herself out as being qualified to provide legal advice in respect of any jurisdiction as a result of participation in or contribution to this Report.



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